Musical Quotation Marks (1): I’ll hum it for you

Quotation in music has much in common with quotation in language. Analytical philosophy can offer some insight here. In Bach’s Cantata BWV 158, Der Friede sei mit dir, we find an example of ‘musical quotation marks’.

00:00 Intro
00:35 I’ll hum it for you
04:00 Musical quotation
08:29 Use and mention
13:06 Quotation marks
17:33 Bach’s Cantata 158, Der Friede sei mit dir
22:10 The third dimension

Music and sound fragments:

  • Casablanca (film). Ingrid Bergman, Dooley Wilson, Max Steiner. Warner Brothers 1943.
  • O. Respighi, Impressioni brasiliane. Antal Dorati, London Symphony Orchestra. Fontana 1959?
  • J.S. Bach, Cantata BWV 158 Der Friede sei mit dir. Stephan MacLeod, Gli Angeli Genève. Cantatas for Bass. Claves 2022.

For more details and references, see Lodewijk Muns, Musical Quotation and the Use-Mention Distinction, 2019.