Musical Quotation Marks (2): Schumann’s Fantasie op. 17

When is a musical idea simply a cliché, when a case of borrowing, and when a quotation? With Schumann’s Fantasie op. 17 as an interesting doubtful case of musical quotation.

00:00 Intro
00:36 Reference and self-reference
02:32 Patterns, idioms, schemas
08:26 A doubtful case: Schumann’s Fantasie in C
10:51 A distant beloved
14:05 Reference?
19:33 Spiritual encounters
26:52 Music as memory process

Music excerpts:

J.S. Bach, Das wolhtemperierte Klavier I, Präludium in C BWV846.*
W.A. Mozart, Ave verum corpus KV 618.*
W.A. Mozart, Symphony in g KV 550.*
J.S. Bach, Matthäuspassion BWV 244, aria Aus Liebe will mein Heiland sterben.*
J. Haydn (?), Divertimento (Sonata) in A Hob. XVI:12.*
W.A. Mozart, Piano Concerto in A KV 488/2 (Adagio).*
R. Schumann, Fantasie in C op. 17.*
L. van Beethoven, An die ferne Geliebte. F. Wunderlich, H. Schmidt. Philips 420.852-2
F. Chopin, Variations on Là ci darem la mano from Mozart’s Don Giovanni op. 2.*
R. Schumann, Fantasie in C op. 17.*

*Lodewijk Muns, piano.

Selected sources:

Marston, N. Schumann: Fantasie, Op. 17. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1992.
Muns, L. Music Remembered – in Music (2). Lodewijk Muns (blog). 2019.
Rice, J. A. ‘Adding to the Galant Schematicon: The Lully’. Mozart-Jahrbuch 2015.
Rosen, Ch. The Romantic Generation. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press 1995.
Rosen, Ch. Romantic Poets, Critics, and Other Madmen. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press 1998.
Schumann, C. en R. Briefwechsel: Kritische Gesamtausgabe. Ed. by Eva Weissweiler. Basel: Stroemfeld 1984.
Seiffert, W.-D. Will versus Caprice. On the the Closing Measures of Robert Schumann’s C-Major Fantasy Op. 17. G. Henle Verlag (blog). 2012.
Todd, R. L., ‘On Quotation in Schumann’s Music’. In R. Larry Todd (ed.). Schumann and His World. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press 1994.